To cite this publication: Kasim Randeree, "Workforce Nationalization in the Gulf Cooperation Council States," CIRS Occasional Paper no. 9 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2012).
In recent decades, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states have become reliant on migrant workers to the extent that foreign inhabitants constitute nearly one-third of the total GCC population. Qatar and the UAE are at the extremity of the situation, where indigenous citizens constitute only one-quarter and one-fifth of their national populations, respectively. Consequently, workforce nationalization—the concept of reducing expatriate employment by bringing more citizens into the workplace—has become the human resource management strategy of all GCC countries. In this first attempt to review all six GCC nations, this paper takes an exploratory-cum-constructivist approach and argues that closer cooperation and unified policy structures on nationalization are needed across all GCC countries. Education, training, the transfer of knowledge from expatriate to citizen, better approaches to encouraging citizens into the private sector, and the greater inclusion of women are all significant issues that need to be tackled in order to fulfill the desired goal of nationalizing the labor force across all GCC states. A clear and unified policy in terms of structural reform across GCC countries needs to be collectively defined, although methods of implementation would need to be more tailored and distinctive from one country to another.
To cite this publication: "GCC States' Land Investments Abroad: The Case of Cambodia," CIRS Summary Report no. 5 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2012).
Foreign land acquisition offers the possibility of securing reliable long-term food supplies, but has been criticized as risking exploitation of communities in host countries. This CIRS Summary Report examines Cambodia as a case study of Gulf-state land investments in developing country agriculture to develop a long-term prognosis for this going abroad strategy. Despite the critical regional interest in food security and food sovereignty, there is a dearth of available information on the subject as it relates to the Middle East. It is widely acknowledged that there exists a lack of available data on the subject on which to base sound analysis. This scarcity of data and non-reliability of data means that academic work on the subject of food security in this region remains limited to non-existent. A scholarly approach to this issue is both valuable and timely. With that as its goal, CIRS launched a research initiative on “Food Security and Food Sovereignty in the Middle East” and held working group meetings to discuss the topic.
The 2011-2012 CIRS Annual Report contains information about all the academic year's activities. The report details several research initiatives and working group meetings organized by CIRS, as well as lectures, publications, and events. Highlights include the publication of three new CIRS books resulting from concluded projects, new research initiatives and grant awards, and Distinguished Lectures by Peter Bergen and Fouad Ajami.
To cite this publication: "The Nuclear Question in the Middle East," CIRS Summary Report no. 4 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2012).
In early 2010, CIRS began work on “The Nuclear Question in the Middle East” research initiative. While the world community’s attention may currently be drawn to Iran’s nuclear program, the CIRS project aims to take a far more comprehensive and expansive look at the issue across the region. During working group meetings that took place in Doha, CIRS engaged with a number of academics and specialists who were invited to contribute individual chapters to a book on The Nuclear Question in the Middle East (Oxford University Press/Hurst, 2012). CIRS Summary Report no. 4 highlights the participants' discussions about balancing the need for civilian nuclear technology against the concerns of weaponization programs. Among other issues discussed by the working group were matters related to global security, regional mistrust, the prestige of gaining nuclear capabilities, and the role of NGOs and civil society groups in pressuring governments to abstain from nuclear energy initiatives.
The eleventh edition of the CIRS Newsletter contains information about all of the activities and events that took place during Fall 2011. The Newsletter also highlights two new research initiatives undertaken by CIRS.
To cite this publication: "The Political Economy of the Gulf," CIRS Summary Report no. 3 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2011).
The Political Economy of the Gulf Summary Report details research conducted at the CIRS "Political Economy of the Gulf" working group meetings held in Doha over the course of two years. The project was launched in 2009. As with other CIRS research initiatives, after a thorough review of existing literature on the topic, certain gaps were identified meriting further original research and scholarship. Select scholars were invited to participate in a working group for focused discussions on a range of sub-topics. During these meetings the participants contributed their expertise, and began working on papers in their specialty areas. The ultimate product of this research project is an edited book on The Political Economy of the Persian Gulf (Oxford University Press/Hurst, 2011). The working group meetings held in Doha, Qatar, meant that authors were able to work closely together in order for the individual chapters to cross-reference each other for better coherence and intellectual synergy of the volume. Each study is an in-depth work of scholarship that is original, analytical, and makes a significant contribution to the field.
"الإقتصاد السياسي لمنطقة الخليج"، تقرير مركـز الدراسـات الدوليـة والإقليميـة العربي الموجز رقم ٣ (الدوحة، قطر: مركـز الدراسـات الدوليـة والإقليميـة، ٢٠١٢).
يقدم التقرير الموجز حول الاقتصاد السياسي لمنطقة الخليج معلومات حول المشروع البحثي لمركز الدراسات الدولية والإقليمية حول "الاقتصاد السياسي لمنطقة الخليج" والذي بدأ في عام 2009. وكما هو الحال مع المبادرات البحثية الأخرى التي أطلقها مركز الدراسات الدولية والإقليمية، فإنه بعد إجراء مراجعة شاملة للمؤلفات الموجودة المتعلقة بالموضوع، تم اكتشاف بعض نواحي القصور التي تستحق مزيداً من البحث والدراسة. وتم دعوة مجموعة مختارة من الباحثين للمشاركة في مجموعة عمل لإجراء مناقشات تتركز على عدد من الموضوعات الفرعية. وقد ساهم المشاركون بخبراتهم أثناء هذه الاجتماعات وبدأوا العمل على إعداد أوراق بحثية في مجالات تخصصهم. وسيكون الناتج النهائي لهذا المشروع البحثي هو إعداد ُ كتاب عن "الاقتصاد السياسي لمنطقة الخليج" (مطبعة جامعة كولومبيا/هيرست، 2011). ويفهم من قيام مجموعة العمل بعقد اجتماعات في الدوحة بقطر أن المؤلفين تمكنوا من العمل سوياً وعن كثب كي تشير الفصول الفردية بعضها إلى بعض لتحقيق الاتساق والترابط الفكري بصورة أفضل في الكتاب. تمثل كل دراسة عملاً ثقافياً مفصلاً يتسم بالابتكار والتحليل كما تمثل إسهاماً كبيراً في المجال.
To cite this publication: Zahra Babar, "Free Mobility within the Gulf Cooperation Council," CIRS Occasional Paper no. 8 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2011).
Stipulations within the formal protocols of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) established free movement of nationals as an essential component of the region’s movement towards full economic integration. This paper analyzes the protocols within the broader construct that stresses human emancipation and freedom of mobility as fundamental human rights. Throughout the GCC, states face the peculiar dilemma of supporting full freedom of mobility for citizens while also severely limiting and curtailing the mobility of the dominant, non-national population. This paper questions how normative debates on the freedom of movement apply to the Gulf region and examines the policy and practice of strictly managing the movement of international migrants while at the same time freeing up movement for citizenry. This paper proposes that in the GCC, the regional political economy and the processes of regionalization and globalization have combined to tighten controls over mobility and migration.
To cite this publication: "Migrant Labor in the Gulf," CIRS Summary Report no. 2 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2011).
This Migrant Labor in the Gulf Summary Report details the research findings that were presented by the Migrant Labor in the Gulf working group participants during their meetings in Doha, Qatar. CIRS launched the initiative in 2008 and held a total of three meetings. The working group is composed of experts in the field of migrant labor who hail from a variety of academic disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, economics, and political science. The working group is also composed of the CIRS research grant recipients: Andrew Gardner from the University of Puget Sound, Arland Thornton, Mansoor Moaddel, Dirgha Ghimirie, Linda Young-DeMarco, and Nathalie Williams from the University of Michigan, Susan Martin from Georgetown University, Mary Breeding from the World Bank, and David Mednicoff from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. The edited volume, titled Migrant Labour in the Persian Gulf was published by Columbia University Press/Hurst in 2012.
To cite this publication: Mehran Kamrava, ed., The International Politics of the Persian Gulf (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2011).
This volume presents a comprehensive, detailed, and accessible account of the international politics of the region. Focusing on the key factors that give the Persian Gulf its strategic significance, contributors look at the influence of vast deposits of oil and natural gas on international politics, the impact of the competing centers of power of Iran and Saudi Arabia, the nature of relationships among countries within the Persian Gulf, and the evolving interaction between Islam and politics. Read more from Syracuse University Press.