Migrant Labor in the Persian Gulf

To cite this publication: Mehran Kamrava and Zahra Babar, eds., Migrant Labor in the Persian Gulf (Columbia University Press/Hurst, 2012).

In some countries of the Persian Gulf as much as 85 to 90 per cent of the population is made-up of expatriate workers. Unsurprisingly, all of the concerned states spend inordinate amounts of their political energies managing the armies of migrant laborers employed in their countries, and there are equally fundamental social, cultural, and economic consequences involved as well. Empirically rich and theoretically informed, this book presents a comprehensive examination of the conditions, priorities, and networks of migrant workers in the Persian Gulf. Read more from Hurst Publishers.

Read about the research initiative

The Nuclear Question in the Middle East

To cite this publication: Mehran Kamrava, ed., The Nuclear Question in the Middle East (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012). 

This is the first book of its kind to combine thematic and theoretical discussions regarding nuclear weapons and nuclear energy with case studies from across the region. This is a uniquely comprehensive book of great originality, with contributions from some of the most renowned specialists of nuclear politics in the Middle East, tackling a contentious issue with informed scholarly insight. Read more at Oxford University Press.

Read about the research initiative

Occasional Paper

To cite this publication: Fred H. Lawson, "Transformations of Regional Economic Governance in the Gulf Cooperation Council," CIRS Occasional Paper no. 10 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2012).

Most studies of regionalism in the Middle East fail to distinguish among divergent types of regional formations, and make little effort to chart the developmental trajectory that regionalist projects display over time. This paper lays out a typology that can be used to elucidate crucial differences across regional formations in the contemporary Arab world, and also to highlight significant changes in the kind and level of governance that take place in any particular regionalist experiment. The utility of the framework is demonstrated through an analysis of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). This regional formation has undergone two major transformations since it took shape in 1981, and at the present time exhibits a substantially different form of economic regionalism from the one it boasted three decades ago. Four alternative explanations for shifts from one form of GCC regionalism to another are outlined as an invitation to further investigation.

The Political Economy of the Persian Gulf

To cite this publication: Mehran Kamrava, ed., The Political Economy of the Persian Gulf (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012).

Change occurs rapidly in the Persian Gulf. While some states have capitalised on the fast-paced nature of globalised fiscal transactions and have become important markets for foreign investment, others have fallen victim to such speculations. The "Dubai Model" of economic diversification is being re-evaluated as the GCC states continue to seek the best means of organizing their economies and competing within the global order. Read more from Oxford University Press.

Read about the research initiative

The Gulf Monarchies and Climate Change: Abu Dhabi and Qatar in an Era of Natural Unsustainability

To cite this publication: Mari Luomi, The Gulf Monarchies and Climate Change: Abu Dhabi and Qatar in an Era of Natural Unsustainability (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012).

In this book, Mari Luomi reveals how Abu Dhabi and Qatar have responded to these new natural re-source-related pressures, particularly climate change, and how their responses are inextricably linked with elite legitimacy strategies and the "natural unsustainability" of their political economies. Read more from Oxford University Press.

CIRS Newsletter No. 12

CIRS Newsletter 12 contains information about all of the activities and events that took place during Spring 2012. The Newsletter also highlights two new research initiatives undertaken by CIRS.

المسألة النووية في الشرق الأوسط

"المسألة النووية في الشرق الأوسط"، تقرير مركـز الدراسـات الدوليـة والإقليميـة العربي الموجز رقم ٤ (الدوحة، قطر: مركـز الدراسـات الدوليـة والإقليميـة، ٢٠١٢).

يعد هذا الكتاب الأول من نوعه الذي يجمع بين الجانبين الموضوعي والنظري حيال الأسلحة والطاقة النووية ودراسات الحالة في عدد من دول المنطقة. ويتميز هذا الكتاب الفريد بشمولية طرحه وأصالته، حيث يضم مقالات لخبراء في السياسة النووية في الشرق الأوسط. يعالج الكتاب مسائل خلافية من خلال نظرة علمية مدروسة. 

Sectarian Politics in the Gulf

To cite this publication: "Sectarian Politics in the Gulf," CIRS Summary Report no. 7 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2012).

This Summary Report contains synopses of chapters written for the “Sectarian Politics in the Gulf” research initiative over two working group meetings that took place in Doha. The central aim of this study is to examine the dynamic ways in which evolving sectarian identities and politics in the Gulf region intersect. Encompassing Iran and the states of the Arabian Peninsula, the research project includes topics that focus on how sectarian issues play out in the realms of domestic politics within Gulf states, as well as those that address sectarianism’s impact on inter-state relations within the region. This project brings together a renowned group of scholars to examine the issues of religious, communal, and ethnic identities in the Gulf, and how these impose themselves on both the domestic and international politics of the Gulf. The volume is titled, Sectarian Politics in the Persian Gulf (Oxford University Press, 2015), edited by Lawrence G. Potter.

Food Security and Food Sovereignty in the Middle East

To cite this publication: "Food Security and Food Sovereignty in the Middle East," CIRS Summary Report no. 6 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2012).

The "Food Security and Food Sovereignty in the Middle East" Summary Report details the findings presented in the research initiative through working group meetings. The initiative is comprised of original, empirically-grounded investigations that collectively offer the most comprehensive study available to date on food security in the Middle East. Some of the major themes examined include the ascent and decline of various food regimes, urban agriculture, overseas agricultural land purchases, national food self-sufficiency strategies, distribution networks and food consumption patterns, and nutrition transitions and healthcare. Collectively, the chapters represent highly original contributions to the disciplines of political science, economics, agricultural studies, and healthcare policy. 

Occasional Paper

To cite this publication: Kasim Randeree, "Workforce Nationalization in the Gulf Cooperation Council States," CIRS Occasional Paper no. 9 (Doha, Qatar: Center for International and Regional Studies, 2012).

In recent decades, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states have become reliant on migrant workers to the extent that foreign inhabitants constitute nearly one-third of the total GCC population. Qatar and the UAE are at the extremity of the situation, where indigenous citizens constitute only one-quarter and one-fifth of their national populations, respectively. Consequently, workforce nationalization—the concept of reducing expatriate employment by bringing more citizens into the workplace—has become the human resource management strategy of all GCC countries. In this first attempt to review all six GCC nations, this paper takes an exploratory-cum-constructivist approach and argues that closer cooperation and unified policy structures on nationalization are needed across all GCC countries. Education, training, the transfer of knowledge from expatriate to citizen, better approaches to encouraging citizens into the private sector, and the greater inclusion of women are all significant issues that need to be tackled in order to fulfill the desired goal of nationalizing the labor force across all GCC states. A clear and unified policy in terms of structural reform across GCC countries needs to be collectively defined, although methods of implementation would need to be more tailored and distinctive from one country to another.